Skip to content

10. Regular Expression Matching 👍

  • Time: $O(mn)$
  • Space: $O(mn)$
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
class Solution {
 public:
  bool isMatch(string s, string p) {
    const int m = s.length();
    const int n = p.length();
    // dp[i][j] := true if s[0..i) matches p[0..j)
    vector<vector<bool>> dp(m + 1, vector<bool>(n + 1));
    dp[0][0] = true;

    auto isMatch = [&](int i, int j) -> bool {
      return j >= 0 && p[j] == '.' || s[i] == p[j];
    };

    for (int j = 0; j < p.length(); ++j)
      if (p[j] == '*' && dp[0][j - 1])
        dp[0][j + 1] = true;

    for (int i = 0; i < m; ++i)
      for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j)
        if (p[j] == '*') {
          const bool noRepeat = dp[i + 1][j - 1];  // min index of '*' is 1
          const bool doRepeat = isMatch(i, j - 1) && dp[i][j + 1];
          dp[i + 1][j + 1] = noRepeat || doRepeat;
        } else if (isMatch(i, j)) {
          dp[i + 1][j + 1] = dp[i][j];
        }

    return dp[m][n];
  }
};
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
class Solution {
  public boolean isMatch(String s, String p) {
    final int m = s.length();
    final int n = p.length();
    // dp[i][j] := true if s[0..i) matches p[0..j)
    boolean[][] dp = new boolean[m + 1][n + 1];
    dp[0][0] = true;

    for (int j = 0; j < p.length(); ++j)
      if (p.charAt(j) == '*' && dp[0][j - 1])
        dp[0][j + 1] = true;

    for (int i = 0; i < m; ++i)
      for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j)
        if (p.charAt(j) == '*') {
          final boolean noRepeat = dp[i + 1][j - 1]; // min index of '*' is 1
          final boolean doRepeat = isMatch(s, i, p, j - 1) && dp[i][j + 1];
          dp[i + 1][j + 1] = noRepeat || doRepeat;
        } else if (isMatch(s, i, p, j)) {
          dp[i + 1][j + 1] = dp[i][j];
        }

    return dp[m][n];
  }

  private boolean isMatch(final String s, int i, final String p, int j) {
    return j >= 0 && p.charAt(j) == '.' || s.charAt(i) == p.charAt(j);
  }
}
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
class Solution:
  def isMatch(self, s: str, p: str) -> bool:
    m = len(s)
    n = len(p)
    # dp[i][j] := True if s[0..i) matches p[0..j)
    dp = [[False] * (n + 1) for _ in range(m + 1)]
    dp[0][0] = True

    def isMatch(i: int, j: int) -> bool:
      return j >= 0 and p[j] == '.' or s[i] == p[j]

    for j, c in enumerate(p):
      if c == '*' and dp[0][j - 1]:
        dp[0][j + 1] = True

    for i in range(m):
      for j in range(n):
        if p[j] == '*':
          noRepeat = dp[i + 1][j - 1]  # min index of '*' is 1
          doRepeat = isMatch(i, j - 1) and dp[i][j + 1]
          dp[i + 1][j + 1] = noRepeat or doRepeat
        elif isMatch(i, j):
          dp[i + 1][j + 1] = dp[i][j]

    return dp[m][n]