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505. The Maze II 👍

  • Time: $O(mn \cdot \max(m, n))$
  • Space: $O(\max(m, n))$
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class Solution {
 public:
  int shortestDistance(vector<vector<int>>& maze, vector<int>& start,
                       vector<int>& destination) {
    const int m = maze.size();
    const int n = maze[0].size();
    const vector<int> dirs{0, 1, 0, -1, 0};
    queue<pair<int, int>> q{{{start[0], start[1]}}};
    vector<vector<int>> dist(m, vector<int>(n, INT_MAX));
    dist[start[0]][start[1]] = 0;

    while (!q.empty()) {
      const auto [i, j] = q.front();
      q.pop();
      for (int k = 0; k < 4; ++k) {
        int x = i;
        int y = j;
        int steps = dist[i][j];
        while (isValid(maze, x + dirs[k], y + dirs[k + 1])) {
          x += dirs[k];
          y += dirs[k + 1];
          ++steps;
        }
        if (steps < dist[x][y]) {
          dist[x][y] = steps;
          if (x == destination[0] && y == destination[1])
            continue;
          q.emplace(x, y);
        }
      }
    }

    return dist[destination[0]][destination[1]] == INT_MAX
               ? -1
               : dist[destination[0]][destination[1]];
  }

 private:
  bool isValid(const vector<vector<int>>& maze, int x, int y) {
    return x >= 0 && x < maze.size() && y >= 0 && y < maze[0].size() &&
           maze[x][y] == 0;
  }
};
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class Solution {
  public int shortestDistance(int[][] maze, int[] start, int[] destination) {
    final int m = maze.length;
    final int n = maze[0].length;
    final int[] dirs = {0, 1, 0, -1, 0};
    Queue<int[]> q = new ArrayDeque<>(Arrays.asList(new int[] {start[0], start[1]}));
    int[][] dist = new int[maze.length][maze[0].length];
    Arrays.stream(dist).forEach(row -> Arrays.fill(row, Integer.MAX_VALUE));
    dist[start[0]][start[1]] = 0;

    while (!q.isEmpty()) {
      final int i = q.peek()[0];
      final int j = q.poll()[1];
      for (int k = 0; k < 4; ++k) {
        int x = i;
        int y = j;
        int steps = dist[i][j];
        while (isValid(maze, x + dirs[k], y + dirs[k + 1])) {
          x += dirs[k];
          y += dirs[k + 1];
          ++steps;
        }
        if (steps < dist[x][y]) {
          dist[x][y] = steps;
          q.offer(new int[] {x, y});
        }
      }
    }

    return dist[destination[0]][destination[1]] == Integer.MAX_VALUE
        ? -1
        : dist[destination[0]][destination[1]];
  }

  private boolean isValid(int[][] maze, int x, int y) {
    return x >= 0 && x < maze.length && y >= 0 && y < maze[0].length && maze[x][y] == 0;
  }
}