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820. Short Encoding of Words

Approach 1: Trie

  • Time: $O(\Sigma \texttt{words[i]})$
  • Space: $O(\Sigma \texttt{words[i]})$
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struct TrieNode {
  vector<shared_ptr<TrieNode>> children;
  int depth = 0;
  TrieNode() : children(26) {}
};

class Solution {
 public:
  int minimumLengthEncoding(vector<string>& words) {
    int ans = 0;
    shared_ptr<TrieNode> root = make_shared<TrieNode>();
    vector<shared_ptr<TrieNode>> heads;

    for (const string& word : unordered_set<string>(words.begin(), words.end()))
      heads.push_back(insert(root, word));

    for (shared_ptr<TrieNode> head : heads)
      if (ranges::all_of(head->children,
                         [](const auto& child) { return child == nullptr; }))
        ans += head->depth + 1;

    return ans;
  }

 private:
  shared_ptr<TrieNode> insert(shared_ptr<TrieNode> root, const string& word) {
    shared_ptr<TrieNode> node = root;
    for (const char c : string(word.rbegin(), word.rend())) {
      const int i = c - 'a';
      if (node->children[i] == nullptr)
        node->children[i] = make_shared<TrieNode>();
      node = node->children[i];
    }
    node->depth = word.length();
    return node;
  }
};
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class TrieNode {
  public TrieNode[] children = new TrieNode[26];
  public int depth = 0;
}

class Solution {
  public int minimumLengthEncoding(String[] words) {
    int ans = 0;
    TrieNode root = new TrieNode();
    List<TrieNode> heads = new ArrayList<>();

    for (final String word : new HashSet<>(Arrays.asList(words)))
      heads.add(insert(root, word));

    for (TrieNode head : heads)
      if (Arrays.stream(head.children).allMatch(child -> child == null))
        ans += head.depth + 1;

    return ans;
  }

  private TrieNode insert(TrieNode root, final String word) {
    TrieNode node = root;
    for (final char c : new StringBuilder(word).reverse().toString().toCharArray()) {
      final int i = c - 'a';
      if (node.children[i] == null)
        node.children[i] = new TrieNode();
      node = node.children[i];
    }
    node.depth = word.length();
    return node;
  }
}
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class TrieNode:
  def __init__(self):
    self.children: Dict[str, TrieNode] = {}
    self.depth = 0


class Solution:
  def minimumLengthEncoding(self, words: List[str]) -> int:
    root = TrieNode()
    leaves = []

    def insert(word: str) -> TrieNode:
      node = root
      for c in reversed(word):
        node = node.children.setdefault(c, TrieNode())
      node.depth = len(word)
      return node

    for word in set(words):
      leaves.append(insert(word))

    return sum(leaf.depth + 1 for leaf in leaves
               if not len(leaf.children))

Approach 2: C++ string_view

  • Time: $O(|\texttt{words}| \cdot |\texttt{words[i]}|^2)$
  • Space: $O(|\texttt{words}| \cdot |\texttt{words[i]}|)$
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class Solution {
 public:
  int minimumLengthEncoding(vector<string>& words) {
    unordered_set<string_view> wordsSet(words.begin(), words.end());

    for (const string& word : words) {
      const string_view sv(word);
      for (int i = 1; i < word.length(); ++i)
        wordsSet.erase(sv.substr(i));
    }

    return accumulate(
        wordsSet.begin(), wordsSet.end(), 0,
        [](int accu, const auto& sv) { return accu + sv.length() + 1; });
  }
};