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1340. Jump Game V 👍

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class Solution {
 public:
  int maxJumps(vector<int>& arr, int d) {
    const int n = arr.size();
    // dp[i] := max jumps starting from arr[i]
    vector<int> dp(n, 1);
    // Decreasing stack stores indices
    stack<int> stack;

    for (int i = 0; i <= n; ++i) {
      while (!stack.empty() && (i == n || arr[stack.top()] < arr[i])) {
        vector<int> indices{stack.top()};
        stack.pop();
        while (!stack.empty() && arr[stack.top()] == arr[indices[0]])
          indices.push_back(stack.top()), stack.pop();
        for (const int j : indices) {
          if (i < n && i - j <= d)
            // Can jump from i to j
            dp[i] = max(dp[i], dp[j] + 1);
          if (!stack.empty() && j - stack.top() <= d)
            // Can jump from stack.top() to j
            dp[stack.top()] = max(dp[stack.top()], dp[j] + 1);
        }
      }
      stack.push(i);
    }

    return *max_element(begin(dp), end(dp));
  }
};
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class Solution {
  public int maxJumps(int[] arr, int d) {
    final int n = arr.length;
    // dp[i] := max jumps starting from arr[i]
    int[] dp = new int[n];
    // Decreasing stack stores indices
    Deque<Integer> stack = new ArrayDeque<>();

    for (int i = 0; i <= n; ++i) {
      while (!stack.isEmpty() && (i == n || arr[stack.peek()] < arr[i])) {
        List<Integer> indices = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(stack.pop()));
        while (!stack.isEmpty() && arr[stack.peek()] == arr[indices.get(0)])
          indices.add(stack.pop());
        for (final int j : indices) {
          if (i < n && i - j <= d)
            // Can jump from i to j
            dp[i] = Math.max(dp[i], dp[j] + 1);
          if (!stack.isEmpty() && j - stack.peek() <= d)
            // Can jump from stack.peek() to j
            dp[stack.peek()] = Math.max(dp[stack.peek()], dp[j] + 1);
        }
      }
      stack.push(i);
    }

    return Arrays.stream(dp).max().getAsInt() + 1;
  }
}
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class Solution:
  def maxJumps(self, arr: List[int], d: int) -> int:
    n = len(arr)
    # dp[i] := max jumps starting from arr[i]
    dp = [1] * n
    # Decreasing stack stores indices
    stack = []

    for i in range(n + 1):
      while stack and (i == n or arr[stack[-1]] < arr[i]):
        indices = [stack.pop()]
        while stack and arr[stack[-1]] == arr[indices[0]]:
          indices.append(stack.pop())
        for j in indices:
          if i < n and i - j <= d:
            # Can jump from i to j
            dp[i] = max(dp[i], dp[j] + 1)
          if stack and j - stack[-1] <= d:
            # Can jump from stack[-1] to j
            dp[stack[-1]] = max(dp[stack[-1]], dp[j] + 1)
      stack.append(i)

    return max(dp)