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777. Swap Adjacent in LR String

  • Time: $O(n)$
  • Space: $O(1)$
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class Solution {
 public:
  bool canTransform(string start, string end) {
    if (removeX(start) != removeX(end))
      return false;

    int i = 0;  // start's index
    int j = 0;  // end's index

    while (i < start.length() && j < end.length()) {
      while (i < start.length() && start[i] == 'X')
        ++i;
      while (j < end.length() && end[j] == 'X')
        ++j;
      if (i == start.length() && j == end.length())
        return true;
      if (i == start.length() || j == end.length())
        return false;
      // L can only move to left.
      if (start[i] == 'L' && i < j)
        return false;
      // R can only move to right.
      if (start[i] == 'R' && i > j)
        return false;
      ++i;
      ++j;
    }

    return true;
  }

 private:
  string removeX(const string& s) {
    string t = s;
    t.erase(remove(t.begin(), t.end(), 'X'), t.end());
    return t;
  }
};
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class Solution {
  public boolean canTransform(String start, String end) {
    if (!start.replace("X", "").equals(end.replace("X", "")))
      return false;

    int i = 0; // start's index
    int j = 0; // end's index

    while (i < start.length() && j < end.length()) {
      while (i < start.length() && start.charAt(i) == 'X')
        ++i;
      while (j < end.length() && end.charAt(j) == 'X')
        ++j;
      if (i == start.length() && j == end.length())
        return true;
      if (i == start.length() || j == end.length())
        return false;
      // L can only move to left.
      if (start.charAt(i) == 'L' && i < j)
        return false;
      // R can only move to right.
      if (start.charAt(i) == 'R' && i > j)
        return false;
      ++i;
      ++j;
    }

    return true;
  }
}
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class Solution:
  def canTransform(self, start: str, end: str) -> bool:
    if start.replace('X', '') != end.replace('X', ''):
      return False

    i = 0  # start's index
    j = 0  # end's index

    while i < len(start) and j < len(end):
      while i < len(start) and start[i] == 'X':
        i += 1
      while j < len(end) and end[j] == 'X':
        j += 1
      if i == len(start) and j == len(end):
        return True
      if i == len(start) or j == len(end):
        return False
      # L can only move to left.
      if start[i] == 'L' and i < j:
        return False
      # R can only move to right.
      if start[i] == 'R' and i > j:
        return False
      i += 1
      j += 1

    return True